This is a list of sexually active popes, Catholic priests who were not celibate before they became pope, and popes who were legally married. Some candidates were sexually active before their election as pope , and others were accused of being sexually active during their papacies. A number of them had offspring. The Second Lateran Council made the promise to remain celibate a prerequisite to ordination, abolishing the married priesthood. Sexual relationships were generally undertaken therefore outside the bond of matrimony and each sexual act thus committed is considered a mortal sin by the Roman Catholic Church.
London Review of Books
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The history of the Catholic Church is the formation, events, and transformation of the Catholic Church through time. The origin of the Catholic Church is debated. AD 30 ; the Catholic tradition considers that the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by the Disciples of Jesus. Christianity spread throughout the early Roman Empire, with all persecutions due to conflicts with the pagan state religion. In , the persecutions were lessened by the Edict of Milan with the legalization of Christianity by the Emperor Constantine I. During this time, the period of the Seven Ecumenical Councils , there were considered five primary sees jurisdictions within the Catholic Church according to Eusebius : Rome , Constantinople , Antioch , Jerusalem , and Alexandria , known as the Pentarchy.
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Of course the church will continue to exist in some form. Two-thousand-year-old institutions with a billion adherents and solid growth rates in the developing world don't disappear overnight, no matter how thoroughly corrupt they are revealed to be. Four decades ago, Ireland was among the most homogeneously and fervently Catholic countries in the world. Last weekend, three months after the overwhelming passage of a referendum that repealed the pro-life provision of the Irish constitution, Pope Francis addressed a crowd roughly one-tenth the size. What has changed?
One of the most striking aspects of the Protestant clergy sex abuse pattern is that most people don't realize it is a pattern. The Catholic Church has taken a well deserved beating in the courts and in the court of public opinion as former altar boys, orphans and ordinary parishioners come forward with appalling stories of sex abuse. Yet equally egregious violations by Protestant clergy fail to generate the same level of outrage. You might answer that the problems in the Catholic Church are uniquely widespread, but that would be the wrong answer. Last week's Eddie Long scandal, in which one of the nation's most politically connected and homophobic mega-ministers was accused of strong-arming gay sex out of teens, was just one tip of an enormous Protestant iceberg.